Freshwater Pearl - A pearl created by a mollusk found in fresh water ponds and rivers.
Garnet - A group of coloured minerals using a frequent crystal structure and comparable (but not accurate) chemical makeup. The most important garnet groups comprise pyrope, almandite, spessartite, grossularite, andradite and uvarovite. This broad family of diamonds covers virtually colour and can be located all over the globe.
Gem - Many gemstones are in reality mineral crystals (except for non-mineral stones such as pearls, coral and amber). Cosmetic crystals form via a naturally occurring mixture of substances, pressure or heat. These substances affect the shapes and colours of these crystals. Most vitamin crystals are miniature, but some could be cut into diamonds of uncommon beauty. The three main attributes that qualify a mineral crystal for a gemstone and help determine its worth are durability, rarity and beauty.
Golden Beryl - By the Beryl family of diamonds that shows a assortment of yellowish from lemon-yellow into golden-yellow.
Goshenite - Colorless gemstones in the Beryl family. It has a vitreous luster and primary sources include Massachusetts, Brazil, China, Canada, Mexico, Russia and the USA.
Igneous - Deep inside the planet's inferno is a byproduct of molten rock and gases, known as magma. Since magma wells up over the ground, extreme pressure forces the liquid stone toward the planet's surface. It's known as lava once it breaks through the surface. Lava slowly cools forming igneous stones, and inside these stones and gas-bubble spaces, interlocking crystals develop. The minerals present, the heating time and the environment will all play a role in how these crystals form. Cases of diamonds found in igneous stone: diamonds, topaz, kunzite and spinel.
Iolite - A gemstone with a small variability in chemical composition between stone which exhibits a blue-to-violet selection of colours and sometimes reveals a brown streak. It's a oily luster and primary sources include Burma, Brazil, India, Madagascar, Sri Lanka and the USA.
Jade - Called the rock of paradise, jade is a tough rock that's been valued by the Chinese for over 7,000 decades. Jade comes in two different mineral species using similar look: nephrite and jadeite.
Jadeite - A sodium aluminum silicate which has been the most popular type of jade. Available in many different colors in the favorite greens into yellow, orange, brown, blue, black and purple, this steps a 6.5-7 on Mohs' scale of hardness.
Jasper - A fine grained quartz, jasper is opaque and many commonly displays a brownish-red colour, but it could also appear in yellow, green, black or brown. Main sources include Egypt, Australia, Brazil, India, Canada, Kazakhstan, Madagascar, Russia, Uruguay, and the USA.
Kunzite - A range of those Spodumene family understood for a selection of pink-violet into light-violet colours but has also been identified in canary yellow, bright, brown and green-violet. Having a vitreous luster, its origins include Brazil, Afghanistan, Burma, Madagascar, Pakistan and the USA.
Kyanite - Using a similar chemical makeup to andalusite and fibrolite Kyanite it's a different crystal structure. It displays a variety of colors such as blue to colorless, brown and blue. Kyanite has a vitreous luster and is located in Burma, Brazil, Kenya, Austria, Switzerland, Zimbabwe and America.
Labradorite - A gemstone in the feldspar family known for a brilliant play of colour and exhibits glistening metallic tints of blue, yellow, green, red, purple and gold. It has a vitreous luster and primary sources include Canada, Australia, Madagascar, Mexico, Russia and the USA.
Lapis Lazuli - A complicated composition of numerous minerals that exhibits a selection of beautiful blues from lazur blue to purple to greenish blue. It's a vitreous and oily luster and primary sources include Chile, Russia, Afghanistan, Angola, Burma, Canada, Pakistan, California and Colorado.
Mabe' (Or Mobe') Pearl - A dome shaped pearl that's ordinarily around or tear wrought but also comes in a number of shapes and sizes. The mabe is constructed by placing a little half ball thing against the shell of an oyster. Following the oyster coats this irritant with nacre, the new pearl is cut out of the oyster. The horizontal side of the new pearl is hollow and full of epoxy and then coated with mother of pearl. Mobe pearls are a fantastic way to get a massive pearl for a lesser cost, but they're delicate and need special attention.
Cosmetic Crystal - Mineral crystals type via a naturally occurring mixture of substances, pressure or heat. These compounds affect shapes and colour of these crystals. Most vitamin crystals are miniature, but some could be cut into diamonds of uncommon beauty.
Moldavite - Component of this tekite group that shows a bottle-green into brown-green colour.
Moonstone - A gemstone at the Feldspar family which shows a selection of colors such as yellow, a pale silver sheen, a blue and even pink. It has a vitreous luster and primary sources include Sri Lanka, Burma, Brazil, India, Madagascar and America.
Morganite - A gemstone at the Beryl family which shows a selection of colors from soft pink to purple to salmon. Main sources include Afghanistan, Brazil, China, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia, Zimbabwe and America.
Mother of Pearl - The pearl liner of an oyster. Just mollusks which have this liner can create pearls. This liner can also be used as inlay in jewellery and other decorative products.
Nacre - A slippery material secreted over a pearl that is forming. When mild touches the pearl, it travels through each of the layers of nacre, and every small crystal reflects the light such as mini prisms. The end result...glistening, stunning pearl.
Organic Pearl - A bead shaped via a procedure of a mollusk secreting nacre round an effluent that enters the casing obviously with no artificial insertion. (See pearl.)
Nephrite - The first jade valued by the Chinese civilization, nephrite is a calcium magnesium silicate and comes in a selection of colors from white to green. The makeup of nephrite is fibrous, which makes it among the "toughest" materials in the world.
Olivine - A vitamin household comprising the bead peridot.
Opal - A distinctive gemstone with a gorgeous play-of-color screen which exhibits all colours and both dark and light foundation colours reflect a rainbow-like screen of numerous colours when viewed from various angles.
Organic Gemstones - Gemstones which are mostly non-mineral, being shaped by plants and creatures.
Orient - The layers of nacre that form a pearl comprise miniature light-reflecting crystal. When there sufficient layers of crystals and they align in a specific way, the reflected light will produce a prismatic effect in the surface of the pearl. The gorgeous rainbow-like effect is called "orient."
Padparadscha - Literally meaning "lotus blossom," padparadscha identifies some lush orange and pink sapphire. In addition, the most precious topaz is pink to red orange and is known as "padparadscha topaz."
Pearl - A glistening, organic gem made by saltwater oysters, freshwater mussels and sometimes by a few shellfish. Exhibiting a variety of colors from white to silver, pink, cherry, cream, golden, green, black and blue they steps that a 2.5-.5 on Mohs' scale of hardness. Main sources of Sea bracelets include Persian Gulf; Gulf of Manaar; across the coasts of Madagascar, Burma, and the Philippines; several islands in the South Pacific, northern Australia; as well as the coastal areas of Central and northern South America; along with some Tiny beds in Japan. Main sources of freshwater bracelets include United States, some in Europe.
Peridot - A gemstone at the Olivine mineral household that shows a variety of vibrant greens from yellow-green to olive green to brownish green.
Petalite - A gemstone for collectors that's often colorless, however there are also cases of yellow and pink varieties. It has a vitreous luster and resources comprise Western Australia, Brazil, Italy, Namibia, Sweden, Zimbabwe, and the USA.
Pigeon's Blood - Though rubies come in many different reddish tones, the most valued color is pure red with a touch of blue, called pigeon's blood red.